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Festival History : Festival milestones


1939
Sept. 1st - 20th: Date when the first Cannes Film Festival was scheduled to be held under the aegis of Jean Zay, Philippe Erlanger and Louis Lumière.

1946
Sept. 20th - Oct. 5th: The first actual Festival is held in the former Casino de Cannes.

1948
The Festival is cancelled due to budgetary problems.

1949
Inauguration of the "Palais des Festivals", also known as the "Palais Croisette" demolished in 1989.

Jean Touzet is appointed Secretary General.

1950
The Festival is cancelled due to budgetary problems.

1951
April 3rd - 20th: The Festival changes dates and is henceforth held in the spring.

1952
Robert Favre le Bret is appointed General Delegate.

1955
Creation of the "Palme d'Or" (up to this point, a "Grand Prix" was awarded).

1959
The Marché du Film, which had been unofficially held in theatres on the Rue d'Antibes, becomes part of the official event.

1962
Creation of the International Critics' Week (Semaine Internationale de la Critique).

1968
Due to the political turmoil of May 1968, the Festival is interrupted.

1969
Creation of the Directors' Fortnight (Quinzaine des Réalisateurs).

1972
Robert Favre le Bret is appointed President, and Maurice Bessy General Delegate.

1973
Creation of Perspectives of French Cinema (Perspectives du Cinéma Français).

Ingrid Bergman is the President of the 26th Festival de Cannes Jury.

1975
Maurice Bessy creates three official Out-of-Competition categories: "Les yeux fertiles" for films focusing on the arts, "L'air du temps" for films based on contemporary events, and "Le passé composé" for compilation works.

1976
Roberto Rossellini, President of the Jury, decides to hold a symposium open to one and all, lasting the entire duration of the Festival.

1978
Gilles Jacob is appointed General Delegate. He regroups the three Out-of-Competition categories into "Un Certain Regard" and introduces the Caméra d'Or, a prize for best first feature film in any selection.

1983
Inauguration of the new Palais des Festivals on the Georges Pompidou Esplanade.

1984
Pierre Viot is appointed President, and Robert Favre Le Bret Honorary President.

1985
Michel P. Bonnet is appointed Secretary General.

Creation of the Roberto Rosselini Prize awarded by a jury of French and Italian filmmakers to a personality carrying on the tradition of humanism of the director of Rome, Open City.

1987
For its 40th anniversary, the Festival presents a compilation film Le Cinéma dans les yeux and publishes "Les Années Cannes", with a preface by Jean-Marie Le Clézio.

1989
On the occasion of the bicentenary of the French Revolution, a symposium entitled "Cinema & Liberty" is held, attracting over a hundred directors from all over the world.

1991
François Erlenbach is appointed Secretary General.

Creation of the Film Masterclass.

1992
Publication of the book "Les Visiteurs de Cannes" to mark the 45th anniversary of the Festival.

Creation of the Official Selection "Cinéma de toujours" combining tributes and retrospectives.

1993
For the first time, the Palme d'Or is awarded to a female director, Jane Campion, for The Piano.

1994
The Festival commissions a stage curtain as a tribute to Federico Fellini and celebrates the centenary of Jean Renoir's birth.

1995
The Festival introduces a series of short compilation films entitled "Preludes", screened before each motion picture in Competition.

1996
Jérôme Paillard is appointed Executive Director of the Marché du Film.

1997
Celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Festival. The"Palme des Palmes" is awarded to Ingmar Bergman by all the Palme d'Or winners present at Cannes.

Official visit to Cannes by Jacques Chirac, President of the French Republic.

1998
Creation of the Cinéfondation and his new official jury to award prizes to both short films in Competition and the three best Cinéfondation films.

2000
Gilles Jacob is appointed President of the Festival by the Board of Directors. Pierre Viot becomes President of the Cinéfondation and Honorary President of the Festival.

Opening on October 15th in Paris of the Festival Residence, welcoming young filmmakers from all over the world to write their first feature film.

"The Future Cinema" symposium is held: sixty artists debate the future of motion pictures in the world.

Launch of the official website of the Festival de Cannes: www.festival-cannes.com

2001
Gilles Jacob names Véronique Cayla General Manager and Thierry Frémaux Artistic Delegate.

2002
The International Film Festival officially adopts the title Festival de Cannes.

Part I of the trilogy Histoire(s) de Festival by Gilles Jacob, a film based on archive footage, revealing some of the highlights of the Cannes Film Festival.

Launch of the Cinéma de la Plage, an open-air theatre showing heritage films and special screenings.

2003
Part II of Gilles Jacob's trilogy devoted to the history of the Festival: The Steps, etc... (a musical comedy)

Creation of the Music Masterclass inaugurated by Nicola Piovani.

First European Day (Journée de l'Europe) on the theme "The New Spaces of European Cinema" in the presence of the twenty-five culture ministers of the states of the future Europe.

2004
Part III of Gilles Jacob's trilogy: Words in Progress.

Creation of the section Cannes Classics, dedicated to heritage films and previously unreleased works on the cinema.

Creation of the Actor's Masterclass inaugurated by Max Von Sydow.

Launch of the Producers Network, whose mission is to assist producers in their search for new partnerships and investors.

Launch of the Short Film Corner, a market exclusively reserved to short films.

2005
Creation of the "Atelier", organised by the Cinéfondation. Eighteen filmmakers from all over the world, with scripts in hand, are assisted during the Festival in getting their films produced.

Inauguration of "All the Cinemas of the World", a new programme devoted to the presentation by selected countries of a varied spectrum of cinematic creation, inside a new theatre designed and constructed within the heart of the International Village by architect Patrick Bouchain.

The "Children's Matinee", a cinema class whose aim is to awake the curiosity and stimulate the taste of the very youngest. Michel Ocelot presents to nearly 2,000 children his work on Kirikou and the Wild Animals.

Publication of a DVD of the programme of short films in competition as well as the films of the Cinéfondation to promote these selections.

In September, Gilles Jacob appoints Catherine Démier as General Manager of the Festival, replacing Véronique Cayla, named General Manager of the CNC.

2007
On the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Festival and at Gilles Jacob's invitation, 33 of the greatest filmmakers in the world composed the choral film To Each His Cinema, by directing each a 3-minute short around the theme of the motion-picture theatre.

The poster of the 60th Festival revealed the "new jumpology" project, introduced in 2006 in association with Magnum: to honour the dynamism of creation, a hundred artists responded the Festival's request by coming to "jump" before the lens of photographer Alex Majoli.
In November 2007, the "One Jump!" exhibit presented its world premiere at Pinacothèque de Paris, with a selection of 55 of these works representing the "taking off" of celebrities of international renown.

In July, on Gilles Jacob's proposal, the Board of Directors named Thierry Frémaux General Delegate of the Festival.

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